Jio data leak explained: Is your data safe, is Aadhaar also leaked and other questions answered

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Although Jio has denied it, there seems to be little doubt that some details of millions of Jio users have been leaked on the web. It is a serious data breach affecting millions of people, given the size of Jio in India. And although it is true that in India rarely people care about privacy — nothing else explains the cavalier way in which they hand out person details to almost everyone — the size of the Jio leak is such that even the busiest Jio users are noticing it.

While the whole issues is kind of simple for now — data leaked on a website and a few hours after users started noticing it, the website went down — if you are a Jio user you will invariably have some questions and may be some confusion as well. Let’s try to explain the whole issue and answer the questions you may have with some simple bullet points.

1. The Jio data leak, which you are hearing about, refers to the data of users that was posted on a website called It was posted sometime last week although most of the people noticed it only on Sunday evening when Twitter users — most notably @amit_meena — started talking about it.

2. The data that was saved on the servers was searchable by a very simple and basic user interface. It required people to input the Jio number in the search field, which then returned with the user details if available. If user details were not available, the result page would show empty text fields in front of categories like number, email id and Aadhaar etc.

3. The leaked Jio data contained the emails ids, phone number, full names etc for the user data. It doesn’t look like that Aadhaar number was leaked even though many Jio numbers were issued after the Aadhaar verification.

4. The leaked data is no longer available on the The website has gone down, either taken offline by the website host or probably it has run out of bandwidth. But the data is also apparently on sale in dark web forums frequented by hackers and cyber criminals. Interestingly people who are selling the data aren’t calling it Jio data. They only say that the data contains details of 120 million users of a big telecom firm in India. They also say that the data has details like the incoming and outgoing call records.

5. Jio has denied that its user data has leaked. This is rather strange because Jio data does seem to be out in the public. A Jio spokesperson has said: “We have come across the unverified and unsubstantiated claims of the website and are investigating it. Prima facie, the data appears to be unauthentic. We want to assure our subscribers that their data is safe and maintained with highest security. Data is only shared with authorities as per their requirement. We have informed law enforcement agencies about the claims of the website and will follow through to ensure strict action is taken.”

6. If you are a Jio users from the early days of the launch of the service, chances are that your data has been leaked. But if you have taken a Jio connection in the last few months, it is possible that your data has not been leaked, or at least is not part of the data dump that was posted on

7. What all has leaked? As noted earlier, it doesn’t look like your Aadhaar details have leaked through the Jio data leak. But of the particular concern is the leak of the email ID, which nowadays is a sort of key to people’s digital lives. The number too has been leaked, along with the full name.

8. The big question is what should you do now? If you are a Jio user, you should ask the company for details. Unfortunately, that is all you can do right now. India doesn’t have a law on privacy or data protection so there is no legal recourse available to you. At the same time, the state of cyber security too is rather poor in India. Today it’s Jio data. Tomorrow it could be data belonging to some other phone company or bank or even a government organisation. Although you can minimise chances of the data leak by being careful about sharing something like phone number with people and companies.

9. Is there a possibility of misuse of the leaked Jio data? Yes, there is. Both the phone numbers and email IDs of Jio users can be misused, especially if these are the primary numbers and primary email IDs. Although, this is not specific to just the Jio data leak. Whenever your phone number and primary email ID leak on the web, there is always a chance of someone, somewhere misusing it.

10.  What’s next for Jio users? Again it is not specific to Jio users. But to almost everyone in India. There is very little Indian phone and web users can do right now about their privacy, particularly in light of Aadhaar which is nowadays linked to almost everything and has now become mandatory for even SIM cards. The only way there can be some respite for Indian users when it comes to privacy is if the government comes out with watertight laws on privacy and data protection. But so far government has shown no inclination to do something like this.


Bihar political crisis: RJD backs Lalu Prasad Yadav and family, says deputy CM Tejashwi Yadav won’t resign

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The Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) in Bihar on Monday came out in support of their leader Lalu Prasad Yadav and his family after the CBI raids at the former Bihar chief minister’s homes on Friday. The RJD leaders met on Monday to discuss various issues and in a press conference held later decided that Lalu’s son and Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar Tejashwi Yadav will not resign despite the corruption charges levelled against him

 “We are being hounded by the BJP and the RSS for exposing the central government’s failures. But we will not be cowed down. We will continue to fight BJP and RSS,” said senior RJD leader Abdul Bari Siddiqui.
One of the many issues that were on agenda at the RJD meet on Monday was to counter Opposition’s call to sack Tejashwi from the Cabinet. Several MLAs supported Lalu and his family. A report in India Today quoted RJD MLA Arun Yadav who said that Tejashwi should continue as deputy chief minister and even projected him as the next Chief Minister of Bihar.

National Symbols of India

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The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historical document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. All the symbols were picked up at various times. The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before independence, on 22 July 1947.[1] There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower, fruit and tree, language and game.


National flag :  Flag of India   A horizontal rectangular tricolour with equally sized deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and India green at the bottom. In the center is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag designed by Pingali Venkayya


National Emblem :  National Emblem of India  An adaptation of Lion Capital of Asoka at Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic. Forming an integral part of the emblem is the motto inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script: “Satyameva jayate” (English: Truth Alone Triumphs), a quote taken from Mundaka Upanishad, the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas.


National calendar: Saka calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee in 1957. Usage officially started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.National calendar:Saka calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee in 1957. Usage officially started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.


National Anthem : Jana Gana Mana by Rabindranath Tagore was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.



National song : Vande Mataram The first two verses of Vande Mataram by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National song of India in 1950. “Vande Mataram” was sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore.National song : Vande Mataram The first two verses of Vande Mataram by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National song of India in 1950. “Vande Mataram” was sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore.


Oath of allegianceNational Pledge  It was written in Telugu by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962. Central Advisory Board on Education directed that the pledge to be sung in Schools and that this practice to be introduced by 26 January 1965.
National flower : Indian lotus Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.


National fruitMango  (Mangifera indica) originated in India and the country is home to more than 100 varieties of the fruit.


National river : Ganga   Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.


National tree : Indian banyan   Indian banyan (Ficus bengalensis) root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.


National animal : Royal Bengal tiger  Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), the largest carnivore is found only in the Indian subcontinent and can be found in most regions of the country.


National aquatic animal : River dolphin Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga River as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.


National bird : Indian peacock  Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus) is designated as the national bird of India. A bird indigenous to the subcontinent, peacock represents the unity of vivid colours and finds references in Indian culture.[14] On February 1, 1963, The Government of India have decided to have the Peacock as the national bird of India. The decision has been taken after considering the views of the State Governments and the opinions expressed in the Press.
National currency : Indian Rupee Indian Rupee (ISO code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin letter “R” was adopted in 2010.
National Microbe : Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus  Lactobacillus delbrueckii (subsp. bulgaricus) has been announced as the National Microbe for India by Jayanthi Natarajan, India’s Minister of State for Environment and Forests on October 18, 2012 during the International Conference on ‘Biodiversity Conservation and Education for Sustainable Development – Learning to Conserve Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing World’ held at Hyderabad during CoP-11. The microbe was selected by children who had visited the Science Express Biodiversity Special, a train which has been visiting various stations across the country.



Top Five Cleanest Cities of India

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1. Indore – Indore, is the largest and most populous city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It was ranked 149 in the Swachh Survekshan 2017 survey.

2. Bhopal – Bhopal is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It was ranked 105 in the year 2014.

3. Visakhapatnam – Visakhapatnam is the largest city, both in terms of area and population, in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the coast of Bay of Bengal in the north eastern region of the state. It was ranked 205 in 2014.

4. Surat: Surat, is a port city previously known as Suryapur. It is the economical capital and former princely state in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is the eighth largest city and ninth largest urban agglomeration (after Pune) in India. It was ranked 63 in 2014.

5. Mysuru: Mysore, officially renamed as Mysuru, is the third most populous and the third largest city in the state of Karnataka. It was ranked 1 in the survey conducted in 2014.

Source :


Full list of Swachh Survekshan 2017 Rankings: Know where your city ranks in Swachh Bharat survey

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Swachch Bharat Survey 2017 was carried out by Quality Council of India, which deployed 421 assessors for on the spot assessment of 17,500 locations in 434 cities and towns.

The survey was carried out by the Quality Council of India, which had deployed 421 assessors for on the spot assessment of 17,500 locations in 434 cities and towns. Another 55 people regularly monitored the survey process in real time. The criteria and weightages for different components of sanitation related aspects used for the survey were: a) Solid waste management including door-to-door collection, processing, and disposal, ODF (open defecation free) status etc. These carried 45 per cent of the total 2,000 marks. b) Citizen feedback – 30 per cent. c) Independent observation – 25 per cent.


Full list of Swachh Survekshan 2017 Rankings


Veteran Bollywood star Vinod Khanna dies at 70

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Vinod Khanna, the yesteryears Bollywood superstar, died at the age of 70 on Thursday. He was battling cancer.

He worked in more than 100 films.

Latest Google SEO Updates & Algorithm Changes in 2017

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The digital world is now more hyped-up, dynamic and influential than ever before. It is more focused and competitive as well. With the end goal for you to achieve high search engine rankings and to maintain them, you have to take after the latest SEO updates. This is the initial move towards staying aware of the latest SEO trends and remaining focused.

The SEO updates are directly proportional to the search algorithm updates that search engines receive. Since Google is the pioneer in the search marketing, new changes in Google’s search algorithms are vital to enhance optimization of your website. Website admins need to have phenomenal understanding of all the latest search algorithm updates and related procedures, as only this can let them know latest SEO updates essential to optimize websites, ensure better DA and high rankings in SERPs.

Largely, Google is centered around enhancing its web search administrations for online users, and by keeping a track of changes in the Google Search Algorithm updates, marketers can increase ranking of their sites. Google has a long history of famous search algorithm updates that channelize ranking mechanism of SERPs.

To find latest Google SEO updates, marketers need to check latest updates of the following search algorithms-


9 Google SEO Updates & Algorithm Changes in 2017

  1. )Google Hummingbird Update

Introduced around August 2013, Google Hummingbird Update is Google’s new search algorithm that plays a significant role in deciding ranking of websites. It is made up of 200+ factors that can affect search results and website ranking. The biggest changes made in Hummingbird were capability to have a sharp eye on mobile marketing, which is not surprising at all given the explosion of the smart phones in recent years. The name ‘Hummingbird’ comes from its ability of being “precise and fast” and it is mainly designed to better focus on meaning of a phrase or keyword rather than individual keywords. Hummingbird looks at the entire phrase to decipher the meaning of that phrase. Google Hummingbird SEO updates aid pages matching the meaning do better in search results.


SEO new updates related to Hummingbird

  • Application of meaning technology to billions of pages from across the web
  • Use of Knowledge Graph facts to ensure better search results
  • Easy recognition of Keyword stuffing
  • Effectiveness of Long-tail keywords

2.)  Google Penguin Update


Google propelled the Penguin Update in April 2012 to catch the websites that are spamming Google’s search results. This update is mainly aimed at decreasing search rankings of websites that violate Google’s Webmaster Guidelines and use black-hat SEO techniques to artificially increase ranking of their websites, by obtaining or buying links through some wrong practices. The primary reason behind this update was to penalize websites that use manipulative techniques for achieving high rankings.  As per Google’s estimates, Penguin influences approximately 3.1% of search queries in English, and approximately 3% of queries in languages like German, Arabic and Chinese, and an even much bigger percentage of them in “highly spammed” language categories. Pre-Penguin sites normally utilized some negative external link building tactics to rank good in SERPs and boost their traffics. However, once Penguin was introduced it implied that content was vital and those with incredible content would be recognized and those with little or spammy content would be punished.

Some confirmed Google Penguin SEO updates are

  • Penguin 1-on April 24, 2012 (impacting around 3.1% of queries)
  • Penguin 2-on May 26, 2012 (impacting less than 0.1%)
  • Penguin 3-on October 5, 2012 (impacting around 0.3% of queries)
  • Penguin 4(a.k.a. Penguin 2.0)- on May 22, 2013 (impacting 2.3% of queries)
  • Penguin 5(a.k.a. Penguin 2.1)- on October 4, 2013 (impacting around 1% of queries)
  • Penguin 6(a.k.a. Penguin 3.0-) on October 17, 2014 (impacting less than 1% English queries). On December 1, 2014, Google
  • confirmed that the update was still rolling out with webmasters continuing to report significant fluctuations.
  • Penguin 7(a.k.a. Penguin 4.0)- on September 23, 2016

3.) Google Panda Update


Google’s Panda Update is acquainted in February 2011 and it is known as the powerful search filter implied to stop sites with low quality content from making their way into top search results of Google. Panda is updated every once in a while. At the point when this happens, sites already hit; may get away, if then they have rolled out the correct improvements according to Panda updates. Through its different updates, Panda can likewise catch sites that got away some time recently. Google Panda was quite effective in affecting ranking of entire sites or a specific section rather than individual pages on a site.


Some important SEO updates according to Google Panda Update are

  • No Multiple Pages with the Same Keyword
  • Get Rid of Auto-generated Content and Roundup/Comparison Type of Pages
  • No Pages with 1-2 Paragraphs of Text Only
  • No Scraped Content
  • Panda Likes New Content
  • Be Careful with Affiliate Links and Ads
  • Too Many Outbound Links with Keywords are bad

4.) Google Pigeon Update


Propelled on July 24, 2014 for U.S. English results, Google Pigeon Update” is another search algorithm update introduced to give more valuable, significant and exact local search results that are attached more closely to conventional web search ranking factors. Google said that this new search algorithm enhances their distance and location tracking parameters in more result-oriented manner. The changes made through Google Pigeon Update will also affect search results shown in Google Maps as this update lets Google provide search results based on the user location and listing at hand in the local directory. The main purpose behind introducing Google Pigeon Update is to provide preferences to local search results in SERPs and that is why this is extremely beneficial for local businesses.

Latest updates in SEO based on Google Pigeon Updates are

  • Location Matters More Than Ever
  • Don’t Over-Optimize Your Website
  • Strong Domains Matter more

5.) Google Mobile-Friendly Update


Introduced On April 21, 2015, Google introduced its Mobile-Friendly search algorithm that is intended to give a lift to mobile friendly sites pages in Google’s mobile search results. The change is significant to the point that the date it happened is being alluded by a variety of names such as Mobilegeddon, Mobilepocalyse, Mopocalypse or Mobocalypse. One of the ideal approaches to get ready is to test that Google considers your site pages to be mobile friendly by utilizing its Mobile-Friendly Test tool. It is very effective in including approaches that bring more mobile-friendliness in SEO campaigns.

Latest Google Mobile-Friendly SEO updates are

  • Google mobile-friendly testing tool now has API access
  • Google may pick desktop over AMP page for the mobile-first index
  • Google begins mobile-first indexing, using mobile content for all search rankings
  • Google will show AMP URLs before App deep link URLs in mobile results
  • Google says page speed ranking factor to use mobile page speed for mobile sites

6.) Google: Payday Update


Propelled on June 11, 2013, Google Payday Update was a new Google search algorithm focused at cleaning up list items related to “spammy queries” such as payday loans or pornographic or some other kinds of heavily spammed queries. It can be understood as a set of algorithm updates for the Google search engine results initiated to identify and penalize web sites that use different kinds of search engine spam techniques (also known as  Black Hat SEO or spamdexing) for improving their rankings for particular search queries that are actually “spammy”.



Recent Google Payday updates are

  • Google Payday Loan 1.0
  • Google Payday Loan 2.0
  • Google Payday Loan 3.0

7.) Google: Pirate Update


Introduced in August 2012, Google’s Pirate Update is a filter that prevents sites that have many copyright infringement reports, as documented through Google’s DMCA system. It is periodically updated and at the point when updates happen, websites beforehand affected may get away, if they have made the correct changes. It may likewise catch new websites that circumvented being caught recently; in addition, it may also release ‘false positives’ about those who were caught.


Some of the latest Google Pirate SEO updates-

  • The Pirate Update Penalized Websites That Received A High Volume Of Copyright Violation Reports
  • The Pirate Update Is A Win For Media And Artists
  • Getting A Page Removed From The Index Requires Valid Documentation

8.) Google EMD (Exact Match Domain) Update


Launched in September 2012, The EMD (Exact Match Domain) Update is a filter used by Google to impede low quality sites from positioning admirably just on the grounds that they had words that match search terms in their domains. At the point when a crisp EMD Update happens, sites that have enhanced their content may recover great rankings. New sites that comprise poor content or all those that were previously missed by Google EMD updates may get caught. Likewise, “false positives” may also get discharged.

According to Matt Cutts, “EMD is set to reduce low-quality ‘exact-match’ domains in search results.

 9.) Google: Top Heavy Update



Google Top Heavy update was propelled in January 2012 as a way to avoid sites that were “top heavy” with advertisements from positioning well in Google search listings. Top Heavy is updated repeatedly, and at the point when a Top Heavy Update occurs, websites that have evacuated extreme advertisements may recapture their lost rankings. New sites considered as “top heavy” may get caught again with new Top-heavy update.



Some of the Google Top Heavy SEO Updates

  • Google Updates Its Page Layout Algorithm To Go After Sites “Top Heavy” With Ads
  • Have The Same Ad-To-Organic Ratio As Google Search? Then You Might Be Safe From The Top Heavy Penalty
  • The Top Heavy Update: Pages With Too Many Ads Above The Fold Now Penalized By Google’s “Page Layout” Algorithm